Creating a Website with CSS

Welcome to the world of CSS – where design meets functionality and creativity knows no bounds! If you’re a beginner looking to create your website, this guide is just for you.

Whether building an online portfolio, setting up a blog, or creating an e-commerce site, CSS can help make your vision come alive.

In this post, we’ll take you through all the essentials of creating a website with CSS – from understanding its basics to using it effectively in your web development journey. So grab your coffee and get ready to unleash your inner designer!

What is CSS?

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language. A style sheet is a collection of rules that tells a web browser how to display a paper written in HTML or XML.

CSS is used to style all HTML tags, including the document’s body, headings, paragraphs, and other pieces of text. CSS can also be used to style the display of table elements, grid elements, and images.

Benefits of Using CSS

CSS can be used to style all HTML tags, including the document’s body, headings, paragraphs, and other pieces of text. CSS can also be used to style the display of table elements, grid elements, and images.

CSS is a potent tool that can be used to create beautiful and sophisticated web designs. With CSS, you have complete control over the look and feel of your website. You can use CSS to control the color of your website’s text, background color, link colors, and much more.

CSS is easy to learn and use. Many resources are available online to help you get started with CSS. Once you know the basics of CSS, you’ll be able to create stunning websites with ease.

Setting Up Your CSS Workspace

Assuming you have already set up an essential HTML document with the proper CSS tags, let’s set up your CSS workspace. This is important because it will help keep your CSS code organized and tidy. 

First, name a new folder on your computer “CSS.” This is where you will store all of your CSS files. Next, create a new file inside the “CSS” folder and name it “style.css.” This is the file that will hold all of your CSS code. 

After creating your CSS folder and file, open the “style.css” file in a text editor. I recommend using Sublime Text or Atom but feel free to use whatever text editor you are comfortable with. 

At the top of the “style.css” file, you should see a few lines of code that look something like this: 

Theme Name: Twenty Seventeen 

Author: WordPress Team 

Description: Twenty Seventeen brings your site to life with header videos and immersive featured images. With a focus on business sites, it features multiple sections on the front page, widgets, navigation, social menus, a logo, and more.

Personalize its asymmetrical grid with a custom color scheme and showcase your multimedia content with post formats. Our default theme for 2017 works great in many languages, for any ability, and on any device.

Basics of Writing CSS

When creating a website, CSS is one of the most critical aspects. This is what gives your site its style and makes it look unique. However, if you’re new to CSS, it can take time to get started. In this section, we’ll cover the basics of writing CSS so that you can create a beautiful website.

First, let’s take a look at how to create a basic CSS file. To make your CSS file, you’ll need a text editor like Notepad or TextEdit. Once your text editor is open, type out your CSS code. Save your file with a “.css” extension, so your web browser will recognize it as a stylesheet.

Now that you know how to create a basic CSS file, let’s take a look at some of the most important CSS properties. The first property we’ll cover is the “font-family” property.

This property lets you specify the font you want to use for your website. For example, you could use the “font-family” property to set the font for your website’s headings to Arial Bold. To do this, add the following code to your CSS file:

h1 { font-family: Arial Bold; }

As you can see, a colon follows the “font-family” property and then the font name you want to use. It’s important to note that you can use any font installed on your computer and a variety of web-safe fonts.

The following property we’ll look at is the “background color” property. This property allows you to specify the background color of your website. For example, if you wanted to set the background color of your website to white, you could add this code to your CSS file:

body { background-color: #FFFFFF; }

As you can see, a colon follows the “background-color” property and then the hexadecimal code for the color you want to use. The hexadecimal codes for all primary colors can be easily found online. 

Finally, let’s take a look at the “margin” property. This property allows you to set margins around specific elements on your website. For example, if you wanted to put a margin of 20 pixels around all images on your website, you could add this code to your CSS file: 

img { margin: 20px; } 

As you can see, the “margin” property is followed by a colon and the value.

Working with Classes and IDs

When creating a website with CSS, you must often work with classes and IDs. Types are used to identify elements that share a typical style, while IDs are used to identify unique aspects.

You must first add the appropriate attribute to the element in your HTML code to use a class or ID. For a class, this will be class= “name-of-class.” For an ID, this will be id= “name-of-id.”

Once you have added the attribute, you can target the element in your CSS code using either the class or ID selector. To target a type, you would use .name-of-class { … }; to target an ID, you would use #name-of-id { … }.

You can also combine multiple classes and IDs into a single selector. For example, if you have an element with both the “header” and “footer” classes, you could target it using .header.footer { … }. Alternatively, if you have an element with the “main” ID and the “content” class, you could target it using #main.content { … } .

Classes and IDs are powerful tools that give you great control over the styling of your website. Experiment with them to see what effect they have on your page!

Styling Text and Fonts

Text styling with CSS is a great way to add some personality to your website. There are many different properties that you can use to style your text, including font family, font size, color, and more.

One of the most important things to consider when styling text is accessibility. Make sure your text is legible and easy to read by using a sans-serif font for body text and avoiding overly small or large fonts.

It would help if you also considered the contrast of your text against its background color. Use a tool like Color Contrast Checker to ensure that your text has sufficient difference for people with vision impairments.

In general, it’s best to keep your CSS code simple and easy to understand. When it comes to text styling, less is often more. Try using only a few different colors or fonts on one page, as this can overwhelm users. Instead, focus on creating a few key styles you can use throughout your website for consistency.

Adding Images and Video to Your Page

You will need to use the HTML <img> element to add an image to your page. This element requires a src attribute, which specifies the URL of the image you want to display. You can also use the width and height attributes to determine the size of the picture.

You will need to use the HTML <video> element to add a video to your page. This element requires a src attribute, which specifies the URL of the video you want to display. You can also use the width and height attributes to determine the size of the video.

Responsive Design with Media Queries

Responsive design is used in web development to make websites work well on different screen sizes. Media queries are a part of responsive design and adjust the CSS based on the screen’s width. 

Screen size is one of many factors that should be considered when creating a responsive website. Different devices have different pixel densities, which means that one pixel on a high-density device is not equal to one pixel on a low-density device. Media queries can also change the CSS based on the device’s resolution to account for this. 

Another factor to consider when making a website responsive is how users interact with their devices. Touch screens are becoming more common, and some CSS properties can only be applied when the user interacts with the site via a touch screen. 

Creating a responsive website requires planning and careful consideration of all these factors. With media queries, it is possible to create websites that look great and work well no matter what device they are being viewed on.

Deploying Your Website

Assuming you have completed your website’s design and development phases, it is now time to deploy your site so that it is accessible to the world. This process can seem daunting, but luckily several tools and services are available to make website deployment easy. This section covers some of the most common methods for deploying a website.

If you’re using a content management system (CMS) like WordPress or Joomla, there are usually one-click options for deploying your site to a web server. If you’re working with static HTML files, you must use an FTP client to upload your files to a web server.

There are many FTP clients available, both free and paid. Once you’ve uploaded your files to a web server, your site will be live and accessible to anyone with an internet connection.

Another option for deploying your website is to use a web hosting service. These services provide everything you need to get your website up and running, including web servers, email accounts, and more.

Many web hosting services offer one-click installation of popular CMSs like WordPress, making it easy to get started even if you’re unfamiliar with server administration.

Once your site is live, it’s essential to keep track of any errors that occur so that you can fix them as soon as possible. One tool that can help with this is Google Analytics, which offers detailed reports on website traffic and activity. You can quickly identify and fix issues by monitoring your site’s performance with Google Analytics.

Finally, it’s essential to keep your website secure. This includes ensuring your server is up-to-date with the latest security patches and regularly scanning for malware and other malicious code.

You should also use strong passwords for any accounts associated with your website and consider using a web application firewall to protect against malicious attacks.

Deploying a website can seem intimidating at first, but luckily, plenty of tools are available to make the process easier. With some planning and preparation, you can get your site up and running quickly!

Troubleshooting Common CSS Issues

If you’re having trouble with your CSS, there are a few common issues that you can check for. First, ensure your CSS file is linked correctly to your HTML file. Next, fit for any typos or mistakes in your CSS code.

Make sure that the browser supports the properties and values you’re using you’re viewing your website in. If you still need help, search online for solutions to everyday CSS issues.


Creating a website with CSS is an essential skill for any web developer. With the help of this beginner’s guide, you now have all the knowledge you need to create your websites. So go ahead and try it out!

You never know what kind of unique projects you could develop once you become comfortable using HTML and CSS together. Have fun and happy coding!

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